You can print this page for a quick reference guide or you can use the tools below to create printable test sheets
3a: Describe what HTML is.
|Browser||Software which allows you to browse the World Wide Web|
|HTML||Hyper text markup language (the language used to describe the contents of web pages)|
|Protocol||A set of rules to allow communication over a network|
|Tag||part of a HTML document which describes the content or structure of a web page|
|The Internet||An international network of interconnected computer networks|
|WWW||The World Wide Web (content that you can view in a web browser on a computer which is connected to the Internet)|
3b: Use HTML to structure static webpages.
|<a>||HTML tag for a hyperlink|
|<h1>||HTML tag for a main heading / title|
|<h2>||HTML tag for a sub heading|
|<img>||HTML tag for an image|
|<li>||HTML tag for an individual item on a numbered or bullet point list|
|<ol>||HTML tag for a numbered list|
|<p>||HTML tag for a paragraph|
|<ul>||HTML tag for a bullet point list|
|attribute||extra detail stored within a HTML tag|
|tag||part of a HTML document which describes the content or structure of a web page|
3c: Modify HTML tags to improve the appearance of webpages.
|<b>||HTML tag which can be used to make text bold|
|<h1>||HTML tag for a main heading on a webpage|
|<i>||HTML tag which can make text italic|
|<u>||HTML tag which can make text underlined|
|attribute||additional details stored within a HTML tag|
|HTML||the language used to describe the content and structure of a web page|
|tag||part of a HTML document which describes the content or structure of part of a web page|
3d: Display images within a webpage.
|height||attribute which tells the browser the vertical size of an image|
|img||HTML tag used to display images|
|src||attribute which tells the browser where to find the image to display|
|url||the universal resource location (web address) of the image to display|
|width||attribute which tells the browser the horizontal size of an image|
3e: Apply HTML tags to construct a webpage structure from a provided design.
|<body>||tag which contains all visible content on a web page|
|<h1>||tag used to display text as a title / heading|
|<head>||tag which contains metadata like the page title, key words and other data which isn't visible on a web page|
|<html>||tag which contains all other tags on a web page|
|<img>||tag used to display images|
|<p>||tag used to break text into paragraphs|
3f: Describe what CSS is.
|CSS||cascading style sheets used to set the appearance of a web page|
|formatting||the appearance and layout of a webpage|
|HTML||hyper text markup language used to set the content and structure of a web page|
|tag||part of a web page that you can apply a style to|
3g: Assess the benefits of using CSS to style pages instead of in-line formatting.
|CSS||cascading style sheets used to set the appearance of web pages|
|inline||setting rules for individual parts of a HTML page|
|link||telling a web browser to use a separate CSS file to set the appearance of a HTML file|
|page||a HTML document|
|style||rules that determine the appearance of each part of a web page|
|style sheet||a CSS file which sets the appearance of different parts of a web page|
3h: Describe what a search engine is.
|browser||software that allows you to browse the Internet|
|internet||worldwide interconnected network of networks|
|search engine||a website that allows you to look up and find other websites|
|web page||individual HTML resource that you can access via the Internet|
|website||group of web pages all linked together|
|world wide web||part of the internet that allows you to view web pages|
3i: Explain how search engines crawl through the World Wide Web and how they select and rank results.
|link||a way of going from one web page to another related page|
|metadata||keywords, date, author and related information that can describe the contents of a web page|
|search engine||website which allows you to find the most relevant websites and pages|
|search engine optimisation||the process of trying to get your webpage to appear higher in search engine results|
|sitemap||description of all the pages that make up a website and how they link together|
|web crawler||software which runs constantly, mapping out how webpages link to each other|
|World Wide Web||part of the Internet that allows you to browse HTML web pages|
3j: Analyse how search engines select and rank results when searches are made.
|adverts||people or businesses can pay for their webpages to appear at the top of search rankings|
|date||recently updated web pages appear higher in search rankings|
|domain name||the first part of the web address|
|inbound links||getting other web pages to link to your web page can improve your search ranking|
|mobile friendly||web pages that can be viewed on mobile devices appear higher in search rankings|
|outbound links||linking to other web pages can improve your search ranking|
|rank||the order in which web pages results appear when you search|
|relevance||web pages that contain key words or phrases that match what you searched for appear higher in search rankings|
|reviews||businesses or products with good reviews may appear higher in search rankings|
|search engine||website that allows you to find the most suitable web pages|
|secure||encrypted web pages appear higher in search rankings|
|source||web pages from trusted or popular domains appear higher in search rankings|
|URL||uniform resource locator which is the online address of a webpage or file|
3k: Use search technologies effectively.
|and||operator that allows you to limit search results to only include webpages that contain two things that you type in|
|natural language||a search query that is more like a human question than a combination of keywords and phrases|
|not||operator that allows you to narrow down search results to exclude certain results|
|or||operator that allows you to widen search results to include webpages that contain either of two things that you type in|
|phrase||using quotation marks to search for an exact match of a sequence of words|
|query||whatever you type in to search for|
|search engine||website that allows you to find other web pages relevant to your query|
|search results||the webpages that are shown when you search|
3l: Discuss the impact of search technologies.
|communication||advantage of search technologies where people can share information and files with each other|
|convenience||advantage of search technologies where time is saved by being able to find relevant information quickly|
|cyberbullying||using digital tools to intimidate, threaten or mock someone|
|malware||malicious software that is designed to do harm|
|ransomware||type of malware that encrypts your files without your permission and demands payment before you can access them again|
|spyware||type of malware that secretly tracks user activity and shares personal information|
|trojan horse||type of malware that tricks people into installing something harmful|
|virus||type of malware that, when you run it, can spread to replicate itself and infect other computers|
|worm||type of malware that can spread to replicate itself and infect other computers even without being run on your computer|
3m: Create hyperlinks to allow users to navigate between multiple webpages.
|hyperlink||a link from one web page to another|
|navigate||open or follow a link to a web page|
|url||uniform resource locator which is the web address of a web page|
|web browser||software used to view web pages|
|webpage||HTML page that can be viewed in a web browser|
3n: Discuss the impact of networking technologies and services.
|accessibility||some online services are much easier for disabled people to access than a physical shop/service|
|collaboration||online services allow people to work together without being physically in the same room|
|communication||online services allow people to talk to each other without being physically in the same room|
|exclusion||people may not have access to the Internet and so won't be able to use online services|
|networking||linking together computer systems so that they can send and receive data|
|privacy||online services use sensitive personal information which some people don't want to share|
|service||a website or server that provides access to something useful online|