4i: Describe how natural numbers are represented as sequences of binary digits.
|bit||a single binary digit (0 or 1)|
|bit value||how much an individual bit is worth within a sequence of binary digits|
|byte||a sequence of 8 bits which can represent a value between 0 and 255|
|least significant bit||the bit with the lowest value (1) which can be found on the right, at the end of a sequence of bits|
|most significant bit||the bit with the highest value which can be found on the left, at the start of a sequence of bits|
|natural number||a whole number (without a decimal place)|
|nibble||a sequence of four bits which can represent a value between 0 and 15|