Categories: All Variables and Constants  String manipulation  Builtin functions  Input and output  Arrays  Conditional logic  Repetition / Iteration  Functions / Procedures 


This resource is designed as a quick reference or revision guide. It has not been endorsed by any exam boards. If you spot any mistakes, please let me know and I'll fix them asap.


This website aims to give a quick reference for VB.NET, Python, C# and pseudocode and is aimed primarily at teachers & students working towards a GCSE in Computer Science

VB.NET, Python and C# are programming languages designed to be understood and followed by computers. Pseudocode is not a programming language: it's written to be understood by humans so that they can turn it into any programming language.

Each exam board has published a document saying how they'll write pseudocode in their exams. The whole idea of syntax (a set of rules) for pseudocode is silly - it's not designed to be a programming language that is run by a computer. With this in mind, all exam boards state that you don't have to follow the syntax for 'their' version of pseudocode when you write out your own algorithms, but you should be able to understand their version of pseudocode when reading an algorithm in an exam.

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    Each skill has example code in VB.NET, Python, C# and Pseudocode for Edexcel, Eduqas and OCR GCSE.
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String constants

A string is some text such as "Hello" or "Area 51"

Constants store a value that is set once and then never changes.

String constants let you give some text data a name so that you can use it to make your code easier to read or set options for your code that the user wont be able to change.

In this example, a constant called ERROR_MESSAGE is set to the string value of "Don't panic!"

' Create a new constant called ERROR_MESSAGE Const ERROR_MESSAGE As String = "Don't panic!"
# Create a new constant called ERROR_MESSAGE ERROR_MESSAGE = "Don't panic!"
const ERROR_MESSAGE = "Don't panic!"
{ no mention of constants in pseudocode reference } ERROR_MESSAGE is string set ERROR_MESSAGE = "Don't panic!"
// Create a new constant called ERROR_MESSAGE const string ERROR_MESSAGE = "Don't panic!";